Paper published on Undercover Research

Proud to have a paper on my work published in (Vol 13, No 3/4, 2015)in fact a write-up of my presentation at the Surveillance Studies Network / Surveillance & Society Biennial Conference in Barcelona 2014.

Full paper in .pdf at the Surveillance & Society website.


Undercover Research: Corporate and police spying on activists.
An introduction to activist intelligence as a new field of study.
Eveline Lubbers

Abstract

Building on previous research published in Secret Manoeuvres in the Dark, corporate and police spying on activists (2012), the author proposes a new field of research called Activist intelligence and covert strategy.

Using exclusive access to previously confidential sources, Secret Manoeuvres showed how companies such as Nestlé, Shell and McDonald’s use covert methods to evade accountability. The author concluded that corporate intelligence gathering has shifted from being reactive to proactive, and identified a seriously under-researched area: the state’s concern with corporate interests, their close cooperation in collecting intelligence on campaigners, and a shared agenda in dealing with dissent.

This paper encompasses an introduction to the published case studies, a definition of the proposed research field, and an exploration of its positioning in a multidisciplinary area as well as its theoretical embedding. The discussion under Methods: Hybrid Projects makes a case for the fusion of journalistic and social scientific approaches to the subject matter.

Keywords Surveillance; political policing; infiltration; undercover policing; covert operations; transparency; accountability; secrecy.

Full paper in Surveillance & Society.

Three talks in Berlin

Going to Berlin at long last, we thought we’d make the best of it and set up some more talks. All about Undercover Research Group project, and the work before that. Here they are.


Saturday, 26 September 2015, 14.00 Uhr.
KonzernProtest

Honoured to be invited to the KonzernProtest conference, which focusses on issues discussed in my first book (co-authored/edited) Battling Big Business, published in 2002 but still very timely:

Battling Big Business

Countering greenwash, front groups and other forms of corporate deception

Understanding corporate deception can help people to recognize such manipulation in order to do something about it.

For my book Battling Big Business, I invited experienced activists and investigators to expose the counter-strategies which modern oil, tobacco, fast-food and high-tech industries are using against their critics: rebranding themselves as environmentally friendly; co-opting their critics; forming front groups which masquerade as citizens’ organizations; lobbying behind the scenes of governments and international agencies; suing their critics for libel; and employing private security firms to spy on, even infiltrate, the opposition.

It was only after I had finished BBB that I realised that spying was not just another set of counterstrategies, but that the gathering of intelligence precedes the development of all kinds of corporate strategies as well.

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Seminargebäude am Hegelplatz, Dorotheenstraße 24, 10117 Berlin. Seminarraum 1.401. Free admission. Eintritt frei. Eine kurze Anmeldung an programm.at.linkemedienakademie.de würde die Organisation der Veranstaltung sehr erleichtern.


Sunday, 27 September 2015, 19.30 Uhr
CILIP/Bürgerrechte & Polizei

Spitzeln für Staat und Kapital

Veranstaltung zu internationalen Netzwerken verdeckter ErmittlerInnen und Infiltrationen multinationaler Konzerne

secret_manoeuvresMark Kennedy, Simon Bromma, Iris Plate, Maria Böhmichen: Beinahe jährlich fliegen Polizeispitzel auf, die für Kriminalämter die linke Szene unterwandern. Ihre Einsätze bewegen sich am Rande der Legalität. Mitunter sind die verdeckten ErmittlerInnen auch bei Aktionen im Ausland aktiv. Stets reisen dabei Polizeiführer mit, um den Kontakt zu Behörden vor Ort zu halten und bei Gefahr einer Enttarnung einzugreifen. Einige Spitzel begannen sexuelle Beziehungen mit Ziel- oder Kontaktpersonen. Britische Betroffene klagen nun wegen Verletzung der Privatsphäre, aus Deutschland sind noch keine derartigen Verfahren bekannt.

Nicht alle verdeckte ErmittlerInnen arbeiten für Behörden. Multinationale Konzerne bezahlen Spitzel, um Netzwerke kritischer AktivistInnen zu unterwandern oder zu spalten. Viele frühere PolizistInnen heuern inzwischen bei solchen privaten Sicherheitsfirmen an.

Kate Wilson wird auf der Veranstaltung berichten, wie hinter ihrer Beziehung mit Mark Kennedy eigentlich ein Polizeiapparat stand.

Eveline Lubbers schrieb ein Buch über die Spitzelei multinationaler Firmen. Sie erklärt die Techniken von Infiltration, Spaltung und Desinformation.

Galerie Zeitzone, Waldemarstraße/ Ecke Adalbertstraße, Berlin-Kreuzberg


Monday, 28 September 2015, 20.00 Uhr
CCC C-base.org

From Secret Manoeuvres to Undercover Research

Eveline Lubbers the author of Battling Big Business and Secret Manoeuvres in the dark, on corporate and police spying on activists, talks about the importance of research in exposing political policing and the underminding of dissent.

Since Secret Manoeuvres with its detailed case studies of corporate spying and networks with of former police, Eveline has set up the Undercover Research Group. A project of people who were instrumental in exposing Mark Kennedy and other undercover officers, the group publishes profiles of officers and units involved and the networks of careers
since.
How does this support the activist groups?
And how can you help the Undercover Research group?

C-base, Rungestrasse 20, 10179 Berlin

Dazu auf Deutch. 2010 enttarnten britische Aktivist_innen einen verdeckten Ermittler, der als Aktivist seit sieben Jahren unter ihnen lebte. Die Enttarnung von Mark Kennedy war der Anfang, danach gab es eine ganze Reihe weiterer Fälle. Wir wissen, dass geheime Polizei-Einheiten seit mehr als 40 Jahren politische Gruppen und soziale Bewegungen infiltrieren – seit den Demonstrationen in den 60ern gegen den Vietnamkrieg der USA.
Wie arbeiten die verdeckten Ermittler_innen und was sind die Auswirkungen?

Auch in Deutschland wurden in den letzten Jahren Spitzel enttarnt, in Hamburg und in Heidelberg. Im Vergleich zu Großbritannien sind es wenige Fälle. Muss das Thema stärker erforscht werden? Wie findet man sie und wo fängt man an?

Eveline Lubbers berichtet, wie sie anfing, sich mit dem Thema zu beschäftigen; erst in den Niederlanden und jetzt in Großbritannien. Wie sie festgestellt hat, dass nicht nur Polizei und Geheimdienste Aktivist_innen ausspionieren, sondern auch Unternehmen. Einige ehemalige Polizeibeamt_innen haben Beraterfirmen gegründet, oder arbeiten in den Sicherheitsabteilungen großer Unternehmen, etwa für Stromkonzerne oder Flughäfen. Als Ziele von Klimaschutz-Kampagnen arbeiten solche Unternehmen eng mit der Polizei zusammen, um auf mögliche Kampagnen vorbereitet zu sein.

Es wird auch darum gehen, wie Aktivist_innen mit Verdächtigungen umgehen und wie Eveline sie dabei in der Vergangenheit unterstützt hat. Was können Hacker tun? Und was hat Online-Überwachung mit Infiltration und Spitzelei zu tun?

More in English. Eveline Lubbers will talk about what is now the undercover police scandal in the UK, wondering how the situation is in Germany, whether this does happen at the same scale here.

In 2010 activists exposed an undercover officer who had lived amongst them as an activist for seven years. The exposure of Mark Kennedy was the start of many more stories coming out. As we know now, secret police units infiltrated political and activist groups for more than 40 years, since 1968 demonstrations against the American war in Vietnam? What does the spying involve, what is the impact?
In Germany over the past year, several spies have been exposed as well, in Hamburg and Heidelberg. Only a few stories compared to the UK. Is more research needed? How to find out, and where to start?

Eveline will explain how she got into exposing spies, first in the Netherlands, and now in the UK. How she found out it’s not just police and intelligence services spying on activist, but also corporate spies. Former police officers move on to start their own consultancy, or to work at the security department of large corporations, such as energy companies or airports. Being at the receiving end of climate campaigns, such companies work closely with the police to be prepared to what is coming.

Detailing her work supporting activists in dealing with suspicions, we can discuss how hackers could be of help. Which leads to the question of how online surveillance relates to infiltration and spying…

In-depth research to support campaining for justice – review of Blacklisted

  • Jack Winder - Ecomonic League, recruted Kerr, moved on 
    to found Caprim Ltd, testified @ Scottish Committee
  • Micheal Noar former EL boss: 'of course we helped 
    Special Branch' (source Hollingsworth)
  • Ken Day (p.247) 1969 – 1998 Met Special Branch spent time 
    cultivating top union sources source (True Spies)

Instead of writing a review, I find myself jotting down notes, names of Special Branch officers that the authors of the Blacklisted have quoted, sources that I have yet to scrutinise in much more detail myself. The reports of the Blacklisting in Employment Inquiry by the Scottish Affairs Committee, for instance, have been sitting on my desk for almost two years, and I now regret not have made time for it before. Although it is good to have some kind of division of labour and I gladly leave the topic of blacklisting in the hands of these two, the rigorous job they did brought up quite a few precious nuggets that just beg for further research.

Dave Smith and Phil Chamberlain have done an incredible job, their combined expertise leading to an excellent book. Continue reading “In-depth research to support campaining for justice – review of Blacklisted”

Blacklisted the book is out.

Repost from the new project I’m involved in: UndercoverResearch.net
blacklisted cover

The book Blacklisted, the secret war between big business and union activists finally hit the shelves this week. Authored by Dave Smith and Phil Chamberlain, Blacklisted tells the controversial story of the illegal strategies that transnational construction companies used to keep union activists away from work. We have the honour to publish an extract, and we selected something from chapter 9, Under constant watch. Dealing with spying on activists it ties in with the work of the Undercover Research Group.

This particular piece shows how the authors found out that information gathered by undercover officers ended up in the files of the Consultancy Association, the secret blacklisting service set up by the large building companies. It was a matter of meticulously going through files, after campaigning to get access to the material seized by the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), who in turn had acted upon an article in the Guardian written by Phil Chamberlain. Interviews with those blacklisted, with whistle blowers and people professionally involved in blacklisting added a further layer of understanding.

The story published here adds some interesting detail to our profile of Mark Jenner spying on the Colin Roach Centre in Stoke Newington, London, in the mid 1990s, the same time as his former colleague and now whistleblower Peter Francis was also infiltrating left wing and anti-racism groups in London.

Continue reading “Blacklisted the book is out.”

Betrayal of Spycops Involves More Than Sex

Some thoughts I wrote last year, after the hearing in Parliament on the undercover officers who had longterm relationships with women as part of operations to undermine activist groups.

Does it make things worse, a weird question that comes to mind, that sex was involved? The only sensible thing to say about this, is that the aspect of intimate involvement provides an opportunity – or at least makes it less difficult – to take legal steps at all. It remains next to impossible to estimate the damage, should it become clear which rules have been violated.

The betrayal is not just on the personal level, although it is the intimate and sexual part that seems to be the most shocking to satisfy the sensation-sensitive parts of the public. The double-life let by some of the police men involved, married with children while having moved in with their activist partners as well.

For the women here, or for most of them, I would think from my own experience, it’s not just about the sexual involvement. Devoting your life to protest, the relationship with a fellow activist fits the larger context of being part of a movement, wherein overall, there is less of a boundary between the working and the private life. Being part of a movement means the sharing of ideas, ideals, the risks of activism, the scary things at night, the confrontations with the authorities, the arrests maybe, the interrogations, prison for some, the pub afterwards, the long nights. Emily Apple wrote about this impressively beautiful.

The sharing of all this, means people are sharing their entire life, working hard to make this world a better place – to use a common phrase. Hence, the betrayal is not just in the relationship, not just in the private – as if that would not be enough – it’s also in the political, in the beliefs, and the practical every-day life.

With the betrayal on so many levels, one can only begin to understand the trauma caused. Trauma not restricted to those who have had the intimate relationships. Their cases, in a way, represent the damage done to a larger part of the movements involved, all those people who thought they had friends and mates – only to find out they were betrayed by the state.

Still that’s not all, though this is where it links to the need for further research.

From the chronology of the stories that have come out to date and the police men involved, we know that it continued for years – several decades in fact. We know of undercover officers that moved on to become supervisors of a next generation that did exactly the same. It makes you wonder whether the intimate relationships and sexual involvement was not just accepted practice, but in fact part of the strategy to get ‘deeply penetrated’ (No pun intended, Gary T. Marx pointed at the loaded language surrounding infiltration, as I discussed here).

The research needs to get beyond the rules or the lack thereof. We are only beginning to understand how big this is, and what was behind it. Continue reading “Betrayal of Spycops Involves More Than Sex”

McSpy – Bob Lambert

The spying on London Greenpeace is one of the case studies in my book Secret Manoeuvres. The chapter is called McSpy – just as the trial was called McLibel as a playful reference to the hamburger giant that brought this upon us. I brought up possible further cooperation, with Special Branch using the corporate infiltration as a stepping-stone to target animal rights activists.

Little did I know then about the role of Bob Lambert and his blueprint for future spies – identical concepts anywhere you go.

Continue reading “McSpy – Bob Lambert”

What Others Say….

Update: Interviews

rabble.ca
Dragging secrets into daylight: An interview with Eveline Lubbers
Aaron Leonard
11 April 2013

I see my role as an active one, chasing evidence where most of it is secret, bringing together the work of investigative reporters, whistle blowers, and people spied upon. Why? To empower activists, to engage in the debate, to help prepare the right questions in official investigations — to stand up for a vibrant democracy, or what’s left of it, that’s what scholars should do.

ParaPolitical
5 Questions for Eveline Lubbers – the Business of Intelligence
10 April 2013

The exposure, in 2010, of British NPIOU officer Mark Kennedy as an undercover agent in the environmental activist movement offered insight into how governments monitor political activism. But is intelligence gathering targeting activist groups limited to the state?

Reviews

London Review of Books
I want you to know I know who you are
Katrina Forrester
3 January 2013

In Secret Manoeuvres in the Dark: Corporate and Police Spying on Activists, Eveline Lubbers, an academic, activist journalist and researcher with the organisations SpinWatch and Buro Jansen & Janssen, focuses on what she calls ‘grey intelligence’, the informal networks of co-operation between corporate interests and state agencies that are now central to the surveillance of dissent in Western European democracies.


A World to Win

Corporate spooks and their dirty tricks
by Peter Arkell
16 January 2013

Spying on activists and disrupting their campaigns against the corporations has become a sinister growth industry. What they get up to is brilliantly exposed in a new book by Eveline Lubbers.

Counterpunch
Everything They Don’t Want You to Know
by Adam Federman
February 2013
p.21-23

McDonald’s and Shell are two of the mega corporations featured in Eveline Lubbers’s book, Secret Manoeuvres in the Dark: Corporate and Police Spying on Activists. Their efforts to undermine activist campaigns, from anti-apartheid groups to animal right’s advocates, reveal just how seriously these corporations take the threat of any opposition no matter how weak or loosely organized it may be.


Marxist Review

The State, Espionage and Counter-revolution
by Chris Anglin
Jan/Feb 2013 issue

Conclusion of the Marxist Review
Conclusion of the Marxist Review: not revolutionairy enough…

“absolutely unacceptable” – German MP writes letter to Theresa May

In Germany sexual relationships in police investigations are not permitted and that includes foreign undercover officers operating in the country. Two years after Mark Kennedy was exposed, the Federal Ministry of Interior has now confirmed that such is not allowed.

Getting this far was not easy, and it is thanks to never-ending efforts of activists involved and Member of the German Parliament for Die Linke Andrej Hunko, that the issue kept coming up. It was through their questions, for instance, that we know about the contracts fixed between the German authorities and the British for Kennedy to spy on summit gatherings. Both Mark Kennedy and “Mark Jacobs” went to Germany on several occasions, they were deployed to collect information about preparations of the G8 summit in Heiligendamm in 2007 and the 2009 NATO summit in Strasbourg, for instance.

Earlier this week, the MP wrote a letter to the UK Home Secretary Theresa May to raise some legal issues, to hold her to account and to urge her to provide the necessary information. His letter focuses on the issue of the possible sexual relations abroad, but it touches upon European police cooperation, the lack of regulation and accountability too.

Right from the start, the Germans were more clear about police officers having intimate relationships on the job. Asked if undercover investigators in Germany had sexual relationships with persons they were investigating or with their contacts, the head of the Federal Criminal Police Office (Bundeskriminalamt), Jörg Ziercke, told the Bundestag Committee on Internal Affairs in January 2011, that that would be “absolutely unacceptable”. Continue reading ““absolutely unacceptable” – German MP writes letter to Theresa May”

Support Women’s Court Case Against UK Spies

#policespiesoutoflives:

Demonstration outside High Court in London
in support of the women on Wed and Thur 9.30-10.30am.

Photo action in Berlin:
Wednesday, 21 nov, 12noon, near Brandenburg Gate
Meet at U55 Exit across from Starbucks and Hotel Adlon

Elsewhere too?

On 21+22 November, 8 women will be in court in London trying to stop the Metropolitan Police from having their case put into a shadowy secret court known as the Investigatory Powers Tribunal. They have filed legal action against police because they were deceived into long term intimate relationships with undercover police officers, such as Mark Kennedy.

The women have called out for international solidarity, so please come support them by making signs if you can and being part of a brief photo action next to the British Embassyin Berlin, with signs of support.

Here are random ideas for signs:
NO POLICE SPIES
POLICE SPIES OUT OF OUR LIVES
STOP STASI TACTICS
UK STASI SHAME
…or make your own

*************

Statement condemning the Metropolitan Police’s attempt to have case
heard in secret
Published: November 19, 2012
policespiesoutoflives.org.uk

“The police cannot be permitted to hide behind the cloak of secrecy,
when they have been guilty of one of the most intrusive and complete
invasions of privacy that can be imagined.”

The approach of the Metropolitan Police to the litigation has been
obstructive from the outset, refusing to provide any substantive
response to the allegations and hiding behind a ‘neither confirm nor
deny’ policy about the activities of their officers. Now, to add insult
to injury, following one of the most intrusive invasions of privacy
imaginable, the police are attempting to strike out the women’s claim by
arguing that the case should have been started in a shadowy secret court
known as the Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT). [1]

The IPT exists for the sole purpose of maintaining secrecy, and under
its jurisdiction the case could proceed with the women denied access to
and unable to challenge police evidence, and powerless to appeal the
tribunal’s decisions. This will mean that neither they, nor the public
will ever find out the extent of the violations of human rights and
abuses of public office perpetrated by these undercover units. Thus, the
women, who have suffered a totally disproportionate, unnecessary and
extremely damaging invasion of their privacy, may be denied access to
justice by the very legislation which was purportedly designed to
protect their rights.

The public outrage at the phone hacking scandal earlier this year
focused on the cynical intrusion into lives of individuals by the press Continue reading “Support Women’s Court Case Against UK Spies”

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